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Chemical storage and dealing with chemical spills

Where hazardous substances are to be stored, managers and employees within companies with chemical storage need to consider the risks created and the means adopted to control such risks. Chemical spills can have major environmental impacts. Chemical warehouses are required to have appropriate emergency response – and first-aid equipment readily available, and all personnel must be trained in the use of such equipment. In general, all the negative effects of chemical spills can be undone.

A risk assessment in relation to storage of chemicals may need to be completed. Chemical storage keepers should develop written spill response procedures. Spill management and response strategies should be included during emergency planning with personnel trained in the procedures.

Dealing with chemical spills.

International Chemical storage specialist Luciën Govaert: ‘Spills will be either: minor or major, depending on the volume, location and hazard of the substance spilt. The following chemical properties are of most concern when preparing for possible chemical spills: flammability, corrosion, reactivity to air or water and toxicity. If an immediate threat is posed, the area in which the spill occurred should be evacuated immediately. Isolate  and  control  access  to  the  spill  area and do  not  allow  non-essential  personnel  to  enter the spill area. Raise the alarm notify Emergency Services if necessary. Provide the following information like name and telephone number of caller, the building and / or warehouse number where the incident occurred, name and type of material, the known hazard of the materials, the amount of material spilled, an explanation of what happened and the condition of any injured personnel. Apply first Aid and start to decontaminate.’

Generally the following applies for neutralizing chemical but always consult the Material Safety Data Sheet first. Acid spills should be neutralised with sodium bicarbonate. Use vermiculate to absorb organic material. Alkali spills can be neutralised with boric acid.

Where an explosive atmosphere is likely to be present or may arise from time to time, and in some cases an Explosion Protection Document (EPD) is required.

 

The tasks of the ADR safety adviser

The main task of the adviser shall be, under the responsibility of the head of the undertaking, to seek by all appropriate means and by all appropriate action, within the limits of the relevant activities of that undertaking, to facilitate the conduct of those activities in accordance with the requirements applicable and in the safest possible way.

With regard to the undertaking’s activities, the adviser has the following duties in particular:

– monitoring compliance with the requirements governing the carriage of dangerous goods;
– advising his undertaking on the carriage of dangerous goods;
–  preparing an annual report to the management of his undertaking or a local public authority, as appropriate, on the undertaking’s activities in the carriage of dangerous goods. Such annual reports shall be preserved for five years and made available to the national authorities at their request.

The adviser’s duties also include monitoring the following practices and procedures relating to the relevant activities of the undertaking:
– the procedures for compliance with the requirements governing the identification of dangerous goods being transported;
– the undertaking’s practice in taking account, when purchasing means of transport, of any special requirements in connection with the dangerous goods being transported;
– the procedures for checking the equipment used in connection with the carriage, packing, filling, loading or unloading of dangerous goods;
– the proper training of the undertaking’s employees, including on the changes to the regulations, and the maintenance of records of such training;
– the implementation of proper emergency procedures in the event of any accident or incident that may affect safety during the carriage,
packing, filling, loading or unloading of dangerous goods;
– investigating and, where appropriate, preparing reports on serious accidents, incidents or serious infringements recorded during the carriage, packing, filling, loading or unloading of dangerous goods;
– the implementation of appropriate measures to avoid the recurrence of accidents, incidents or serious infringements;
– the account taken of the legal prescriptions and special requirements associated with the carriage of dangerous goods in the choice and use of sub-contractors or third parties;
– verification that employees involved in the carriage, packing, filling, loading or unloading of dangerous goods have detailed operational procedures and instructions;
– the introduction of measures to increase awareness of the risks inherent in the carriage, packing, filling, loading and unloading of dangerous goods;
-the implementation of verification procedures to ensure the presence on board the means of transport of the documents and safety  equipment which must accompany transport and the compliance of such documents and equipment with the regulations;
– the implementation of verification procedures to ensure compliance with the requirements governing packing, filling, loading and unloading;
– the existence of the security plan indicated in 1.10.3.2.

Do you need a certifief safety adviser? Contact us.

 

When do you need a ADR safety adviser

When you ask yourselve when do I need a ADR safety adviser in Europe? Here is your answer:
Each undertaking, the activities of which include the carriage, or the related packing, loading, filling or unloading, of dangerous goods by road shall appoint one or more safety advisers for the carriage of dangerous goods, responsible for helping to prevent the risks inherent in such activities with regard to persons, property and the environment.
The competent authorities of the Contracting Parties may provide that these requirements shall not apply to undertakings:
(a) The activities of which concern quantities in each transport unit smaller than those referred to in 1.1.3.6, 1.7.1.4 and in Chapters 3.3, 3.4 and 3.5; or
(b) The main or secondary activities of which are not the carriage or the related packing, filling, oading or unloading of dangerous goods but which occasionally engage in the national carriage or the related packing, filling, loading or unloading of dangerous goods posing little danger or risk of pollution.
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Storage requirements of dangerous goods in packaged form in the Netherlands

The storage of chemicals is a profession. The companies that fall under this category are required to have a broad knowledge of the facts. From external risk, health and safety policy, training courses for risk management, storage and dangerous goods to fire-resistant buildings and standards for firefighting systems, flooring, ventilation, scaffolding and emergency lighting.

The requirements for the storage of dangerous goods in packaged form in the Netherlands have been established in a clear guideline: the PGS15. This “best practice” was created by representatives of business and government in the Netherlands, and is regularly updated by these same parties. It is used for licensing and is included in national laws and regulations.

The PGS15 is subdivided into several chapters. The most important chapter is chapter 3, which outlines requirements for the storage of dangerous packaged substances up to a weight of 10 tonnes. Chapter 4 of the guideline specifies the requirements for the storage of packages above 10 tonnes.

In chapter 3, the general rules state that the fire resistance between a storage location for dangerous packaged substances and another area needs to be at least 60 minutes in both directions, which can also be achieved through distance. The doors in the fire resistant walls need to be self-closing and close during periodical inspections, to ensure that, in case of an emergency, liquids cannot move from one storage facility to another.

Are you interested in storing your chemical products in the Netherlands and are you seeking for advice? Contact us and we will help you.

New linguistic versions of ADR and Instructions in writing

As an aid during an accident emergency situation that may occur or arise during carriage, instructions in writing in the form specified in 5.4.3.4 of the ADR shall be carried in the vehicle crew’s cab and shall be readily available.

These instructions in writing shall be provided by the carrier to the vehicle crew in language(s) that each member can read and understand before the commencement of the journey. The carrier shall ensure that each member of the vehicle crew concerned understands and is capable of carrying out the instructions properly.

Before the start of the journey, the members of the vehicle crew shall inform themselves of the dangerous goods loaded and consult the instructions in writing for details on actions to be taken in the event of an accident or emergency.

The instructions in writing shall correspond to the following four page model as regards its form and contents.

 

Revised instructions in writing applicable as from 1 January 2017

French

PDF

UNECE Version (Source: ECE/TRANS/WP.15/231 and Add.1)

English

PDF

UNECE Version (Source: ECE/TRANS/WP.15/231 and Add.1)

Russian

PDF

UNECE Version (Source: ECE/TRANS/WP.15/231 and Add.1)

Danish

PDF

(Source: Government of Denmark, received on 14.12.2016)

German

PDF

(Source: Government of Germany, received on 20.01.2017)

Hungarian

PDF

(Source: Government of Hungary, received on 23.01.2017)

Latvian

PDF

(Source: Government of Latvia, received on 29.12.2016)

Norwegian

PDF

(Source: Government of Norway, received on 21.12.2016)

Romanian

PDF

(Source: Government of Romania, received on 23.01.2017)

Swedish

PDF

(Source: Government of Sweden, received on 16.12.2016)